The shells of Haliotis diversicolor Reeve, H. discus hannai Ino, H.
ovina Gmelin, H, tuber (Leach), H. asinine Linnaeus or H. laevigata
(Donoyan) of family Haliotidae.
The Haliotis diversicolor, H. discus, H. ovina are from coast of
Guangdong, FUjian and Hainan provinces in China; the H. tuber, H.
asinine, H. laevigata are from Australia and New Zealand.
Collected in summer and autumn.
The actual smell and taste
Without bad smell, slightly salty taste.
Large, thick, purity of external surface one with colored luster
inner surface, the best one with nine blow holes called Jiu Kong
Shi Jue Ming.
Removed off flesh, washed, dried in the sun; unprocessed or
Salty, cold; liver meridian entered.
Pacify liver and subdue yang, clear liver heat and improve vision.
A. Syndrome of liver yang hyperactivity
It is good at pacifying liver, subduing yang, clearing liver heat
and also nourishing liver yin, so it is the key herb for pacifying
liver and cooling liver. For liver yang hyperactivity due to
liver-kidney yin deficiency and failure of yin restraining yang
with such symptoms as dizziness, it is combined with
liver-pacifying herbs, such as Sheng Di Huang, Bai Shao and Mu Li,
etc. For liver yang hyperactivity and up-flaming of liver fire with
such symptoms as dizziness, headache, restlessness, irritability
and tendency to anger, it is often combined with
liver-heat-clearing herbs and liver-pacifying herbs, such as Ling
Yang Jiao, Xia Ku Cao and Gou Teng, etc.
B. Blood-shot eyes, nebula and vision-disturbed ophthalmopathy,
With actions of clearing liver fire and nourishing liver yin to
remove nebula and improve vision, it is the key herb to treat eyes
diseases for both excess and deficiency syndromes. For blood-shot
eyes with swelling and pain due to up-flaming of liver fire, it is
often combined with liver-clearing and vision-improving herbs, such
as Xia Ku Cao, Jue Ming Zi and Ju Hua, etc. For photophobia,
dacryorrhea, nebula, vision-disturbed ophthalmopathy and pterygium,
it is often combined with liver-heat-clearing, wind-dispersing and
vision-improving herbs, such as Chan Tui and Ju Hua, etc. For dim
vision and blurred vision due to liver blood deficiency, it is
often combined with Shu Di Huang, Gou Qi Zi and Tu Si Zi, etc, to
reinforce the actions of nourishing liver-kidney and improving
Dosage and Administrations
Decoct 15~30g. It should be smashed and decocted first. The
unprocessed one is fit for pacifying liver and clearing liver.
Calcined one, refined with water into powder, is fit for eyes use.