Traditional chinese medicine,She Xiang /Moschus/Musk
The dry secretion in sachet of mature male Moschus berezovskii
Flerov, M. sifanicus Przewalski, or M. moschiferus Linnaeus of
Xinjiang, Qingzang tableland, and Heilongjiang provinces in China.
Collected from hand-feeding male musk in its prime year older than
3 years in spring or winter.
The actual smell and taste
With special fragrance, slightly spicy, slightly bitter with salty
Soft in texture, with oily and many Dang Men Zi, and with heavy
Dried in the shade or in the sealed containers, stored in sealed
and light-proof containers, the ones larger in grain size called
Dang Men Zi; ground into fine powder.
Pungent, warm; heart, liver and spleen meridians entered.
Induce resuscitation and refresh mind, activate blood and alleviate
A. Block pattern of coma
Being strongly featured by pungent and scurrying and with strong
action of inducing resuscitation and removing obstruction, it is
regarded as an important herb to refresh the mind. It can be
indicated for both cold block and heat block. For heat block, it is
usually combined with heat-clearing and toxicity-relieving herbs,
heart-heat-clearing and resuscitation-inducing herbs and
heat-clearing and phlegm-resolving herbs. For instance, it is
combined with Niu Huang, Bing Pian and Huang Lian in the formula An
Gong Niu Huang Wan from Wen Bing Tiao Bian. For cold block, it is
combined with cold-dispelling and qi-moving herbs. For instance, it
is combined with Su He Xiang, An Xi Xiang and so on in Su He Xiang
Wan from Tai Ping Hui Min He Ji Ju Fang.
B. Blood stasis syndrome
This herb can remove the stasis in the blood, and dredge
obstructions in the meridian, so it has the action of activating
blood to dredge the meridian and alleviate pain. It can be
indicated for many blood stasis diseases and be combined with herbs
that have the actions of activating blood, moving qi and
alleviating pain according to symptoms. For angina pectoris due to
heart blood stasis obstruction, it is combined with Tao Ren and Mu
Xiang in She Xiang Tang from Sheng Ji Zong Lu. For headache and
amenorrhea due to blood stasis, it is combined with Tao Ren, Hong
Hua and Chuan Xiong in Tong Qiao Huo Xue Tang from Yi Lin Cai Cuo.
For mass due to blood stasis, it is combined with blood-breaking
and stasis-dispelling herbs. For instance, it is combined with Shui
Zhi, Meng Chong and San Leng in Hua Zhen Hui Sheng Dan from Wen
Bing Tiao Bian. For traumatic injury, fracture and swelling pain
due to blood stasis, it is combined with Ru Xiang, Mo Yao and Hong
Hua and so on in Qi Li San from Liang Fang Ji Ye. For stubborn
arthralgia pain, it is often combined with collateral-unblocking
herbs. For instance, it is combined with Chuan Wu, Di Long and Quan
Xie and so on in She Xiang Wan from Jiao Zhu Fu Ren Liang Fang.
C. Sores, ulcers and abscess, swelling and pain in the throat
It is good at activating blood to relieve swelling, thus it has the
actions of relieving swelling, dissipating nodulation and
alleviating pain. It is usually combined with heat-clearing and
toxicity-relieving, swelling-relieving and pain-stopping herbs. For
sores, ulcers and abscess, it is often combined with Ru Xiang and
Mo Yao in Xing Xiao Wan from Wai Ke Quan Sheng Ji (Life-Saving
Manual of Diagnosis and Treatment of External Diseases). For
swelling and pain in the throat, it is often combined with Niu
Huang, Chan Su and Bing Pian, etc. in Liu Shen Wan from Lei Yun
Shang Song Fang Tang Fang (Lei's Prescriptions).
Dosage and Administrations
Take pills and powder 0.03-0.1g. Take proper dose for external
application. It should not be used in decoction.
It is contraindicated for pregnant women because it can induce
abortion in both internal and external application.